ares_getnameinfo - Address-to-nodename translation in protocol-independent manner


#include <ares.h>
typedef void (*ares_nameinfo_callback)(void *arg, int status,
int timeouts, char *node, char *service)
void ares_getnameinfo(ares_channel channel, const struct sockaddr *sa,
ares_socklen_t salen, int flags, ares_nameinfo_callback callback,
void *arg)


The ares_getnameinfo function is defined for protocol-independent address translation. The function is a combination of ares_gethostbyaddr and getservbyport(3). The function will translate the address either by executing a host query on the name service channel identified by channel or it will attempt to resolve it locally if possible. The parameters sa and len give the address as a sockaddr structure, and flags gives the options that the function will use. Valid flags are listed below:

ARES_NI_NOFQDN Only the nodename portion of the FQDN is returned for local hosts.

ARES_NI_NUMERICHOST The numeric form of the hostname is returned rather than the name.

ARES_NI_NAMEREQD An error is returned if the hostname cannot be found in the DNS.

ARES_NI_NUMERICSERV The numeric form of the service is returned rather than the name.

ARES_NI_TCP The service name is to be looked up for the TCP protocol.

ARES_NI_UDP The service name is to be looked up for the UDP protocol.

ARES_NI_SCTP The service name is to be looked up for the SCTP protocol.

ARES_NI_DCCP The service name is to be looked up for the DCCP protocol.

ARES_NI_NUMERICSCOPE The numeric form of the scope ID is returned rather than the name.

ARES_NI_LOOKUPHOST A hostname lookup is being requested.

ARES_NI_LOOKUPSERVICE A service name lookup is being requested.

When the query is complete or has failed, the ares library will invoke callback. Completion or failure of the query may happen immediately, or may happen during a later call to ares_process, ares_destroy or ares_cancel.

The callback argument arg is copied from the ares_getnameinfo argument arg. The callback argument status indicates whether the query succeeded and, if not, how it failed. It may have any of the following values:

ARES_SUCCESS The host lookup completed successfully.

ARES_ENOTIMP The ares library does not know how to look up addresses of type family.

ARES_ENOTFOUND The address addr was not found.

ARES_ENOMEM Memory was exhausted.

ARES_ECANCELLED The query was cancelled.

ARES_EDESTRUCTION The name service channel channel is being destroyed; the query will not be completed.

ARES_EBADFLAGS The flags parameter contains an illegal value.

The callback argument timeouts reports how many times a query timed out during the execution of the given request.

On successful completion of the query, the callback argument node contains a string representing the hostname (assuming ARES_NI_LOOKUPHOST was specified). Additionally, service contains a string representing the service name (assuming ARES_NI_LOOKUPSERVICE was specified). If the query did not complete successfully, or one of the values was not requested, node or service will be NULL.




Dominick Meglio
Copyright 2005 by Dominick Meglio.

This HTML page was made with roffit.