ares_dns_rr_key_datatype

Name

ares_dns_class_fromstr, ares_dns_class_tostr, ares_dns_datatype_t, ares_dns_opcode_tostr, ares_dns_opt_datatype_t, ares_dns_opt_get_datatype, ares_dns_opt_get_name, ares_dns_rcode_tostr, ares_dns_rec_type_fromstr, ares_dns_rr_get_keys, ares_dns_rr_key_datatype, ares_dns_rr_key_to_rec_type, ares_dns_rr_key_tostr, ares_dns_section_tostr, ares_opt_param_t, ares_svcb_param_t - Helper functions for converting dns record identifiers to and from their respective types, as well identifying datatypes for various records.

Synopsis

#include <ares.h>
 
const char *ares_dns_rec_type_tostr(ares_dns_rec_type_t type);
 
const char *ares_dns_class_tostr(ares_dns_class_t qclass);
 
const char *ares_dns_opcode_tostr(ares_dns_opcode_t opcode);
 
const char *ares_dns_rr_key_tostr(ares_dns_rr_key_t key);
 
const char *ares_dns_section_tostr(ares_dns_section_t section);
 
const char *ares_dns_rcode_tostr(ares_dns_rcode_t rcode);
 
ares_bool_t ares_dns_class_fromstr(ares_dns_class_t *qclass, const char *str);
 
ares_bool_t ares_dns_rec_type_fromstr(ares_dns_rec_type_t *qtype,
                                      const char *str);
 
const ares_dns_rr_key_t *ares_dns_rr_get_keys(ares_dns_rec_type_t type,
                                              size_t *cnt);
 
ares_dns_datatype_t ares_dns_rr_key_datatype(ares_dns_rr_key_t key);
 
ares_dns_rec_type_t ares_dns_rr_key_to_rec_type(ares_dns_rr_key_t key);
 
ares_dns_opt_datatype_t ares_dns_opt_get_datatype(ares_dns_rr_key_t key,
                                                  unsigned short opt);
 
const char *ares_dns_opt_get_name(ares_dns_rr_key_t key, unsigned short opt);
 

Enumerations

ares_dns_datatype_t - Data types associated with ares_dns_rr_key_t:

ARES_DATATYPE_INADDR - IPv4 address as struct in_addr *. Use ares_dns_rr_set_addr to set and ares_dns_rr_get_addr to get.
ARES_DATATYPE_INADDR6 - IPv6 address as struct ares_in6_addr *. Use ares_dns_rr_set_addr6 to set and ares_dns_rr_get_addr6 to get.
ARES_DATATYPE_U8 - 8bit unsigned integer. Use ares_dns_rr_set_u8 to set and ares_dns_rr_get_u8 to get.
ARES_DATATYPE_U16 - 16bit unsigned integer. Use ares_dns_rr_set_u16 to set and ares_dns_rr_get_u16 to get.
ARES_DATATYPE_U32 - 32bit unsigned integer. Use ares_dns_rr_set_u32 to set and ares_dns_rr_get_u32 to get.
ARES_DATATYPE_NAME - Null-terminated string of a domain name (series of labels). Use ares_dns_rr_set_str to set and ares_dns_rr_get_str to get.
ARES_DATATYPE_STR - Null-terminated string. Use ares_dns_rr_set_str to set and ares_dns_rr_get_str to get.
ARES_DATATYPE_BIN - Binary Data. Use ares_dns_rr_set_bin to set and ares_dns_rr_get_bin to get.
ARES_DATATYPE_BINP - Officially defined as binary data, but likely printable. Guaranteed to have a NULL terminator for convenience (not included in length). Use ares_dns_rr_set_bin to set and ares_dns_rr_get_bin to get.
ARES_DATATYPE_OPT - Array of options. 16bit identifier, Binary data. Use ares_dns_rr_set_opt to set and ares_dns_rr_get_opt to get.

ares_dns_opt_datatype_t - Data types associated with ARES_DATATYPE_OPT parameters if known as returned by ares_dns_opt_get_datatype:

ARES_OPT_DATATYPE_NONE - No value allowed for this parameter
ARES_OPT_DATATYPE_STR_LIST - List of strings, each prefixed with a single octet representing the length as defined by RFC 1035. Can use ares_expand_string until buffer is consumed.
ARES_OPT_DATATYPE_U8_LIST - List of 8bit unsigned integers, concatenated
ARES_OPT_DATATYPE_U16 - 16bit unsigned integer in network byte order
ARES_OPT_DATATYPE_U16_LIST - list of 16bit unsigned integers in network byte order, concatenated.
ARES_OPT_DATATYPE_U32 - 32bit unsigned integer in network byte order
ARES_OPT_DATATYPE_U32_LIST - list of 16bit unsigned integers in network byte order, concatenated.
ARES_OPT_DATATYPE_INADDR4_LIST - List of ipv4 addresses in network byte order, concatenated
ARES_OPT_DATATYPE_INADDR6_LIST - List of ipv6 addresses in network byte order, concatenated
ARES_OPT_DATATYPE_BIN - Binary Data
ARES_OPT_DATATYPE_NAME - DNS Domain Name binary format as defined in RFC 1035, can use ares_expand_name

ares_svcb_param_t - SVCB (and HTTPS) RR known parameters as returned by ares_dns_opt_get_datatype with ARES_RR_SVCB_PARAMS or ARES_RR_HTTPS_PARAMS:

ARES_SVCB_PARAM_MANDATORY - Mandatory keys in this RR (RFC 9460 Section 8). Datatype: ARES_OPT_DATATYPE_U16_LIST
ARES_SVCB_PARAM_ALPN - Additional supported protocols (RFC 9460 Section 7.1). Datatype: ARES_OPT_DATATYPE_STR_LIST
ARES_SVCB_PARAM_NO_DEFAULT_ALPN - No support for default protocol (RFC 9460 Section 7.1). Datatype: ARES_OPT_DATATYPE_NONE
ARES_SVCB_PARAM_PORT - Port for alternative endpoint (RFC 9460 Section 7.2). Datatype: ARES_OPT_DATATYPE_U16
ARES_SVCB_PARAM_IPV4HINT - IPv4 address hints (RFC 9460 Section 7.3). Datatype: ARES_OPT_DATATYPE_INADDR4_LIST
ARES_SVCB_PARAM_ECH - RESERVED (held for Encrypted ClientHello)
ARES_SVCB_PARAM_IPV6HINT - IPv6 address hints (RFC 9460 Section 7.3). Datatype: ARES_OPT_DATATYPE_INADDR6_LIST

ares_opt_param_t - OPT RR known parameters as returned by ares_dns_opt_get_datatype with ARES_RR_OPT_OPTIONS:

ARES_OPT_PARAM_LLQ - RFC 8764. Apple's DNS Long-Lived Queries Protocol. Datatype: ARES_OPT_DATATYPE_BIN
ARES_OPT_PARAM_UL - http://files.dns-sd.org/draft-sekar-dns-ul.txt: Update Lease. Datatype: ARES_OPT_DATATYPE_U32
ARES_OPT_PARAM_NSID - RFC 5001. Name Server Identification. Datatype: ARES_OPT_DATATYPE_BIN
ARES_OPT_PARAM_DAU - RFC 6975. DNSSEC Algorithm Understood. Datatype: ARES_OPT_DATATYPE_U8_LIST
ARES_OPT_PARAM_DHU - RFC 6975. DS Hash Understood. Datatype: ARES_OPT_DATATYPE_U8_LIST
ARES_OPT_PARAM_N3U - RFC 6975. NSEC3 Hash Understood. Datatype: ARES_OPT_DATATYPE_U8_LIST
ARES_OPT_PARAM_EDNS_CLIENT_SUBNET - RFC 7871. Client Subnet. Datatype: ARES_OPT_DATATYPE_BIN
ARES_OPT_PARAM_EDNS_EXPIRE - RFC 7314. Expire Timer. Datatype: ARES_OPT_DATATYPE_U32
ARES_OPT_PARAM_COOKIE - RFC 7873. Client and Server Cookies. Datatype: ARES_OPT_DATATYPE_BIN
ARES_OPT_PARAM_EDNS_TCP_KEEPALIVE - RFC 7828. TCP Keepalive timeout. Datatype: ARES_OPT_DATATYPE_U16
ARES_OPT_PARAM_PADDING - RFC 7830. Padding. Datatype: ARES_OPT_DATATYPE_BIN
ARES_OPT_PARAM_CHAIN - RFC 7901. Chain query requests. Datatype: ARES_OPT_DATATYPE_NAME
ARES_OPT_PARAM_EDNS_KEY_TAG - RFC 8145. Signaling Trust Anchor Knowledge in DNSSEC. Datatype: ARES_OPT_DATATYPE_U16_LIST
ARES_OPT_PARAM_EXTENDED_DNS_ERROR - RFC 8914. Extended ERROR code and message. Datatype: ARES_OPT_DATATYPE_BIN

Description

The ares_dns_rec_type_tostr function outputs a human readable DNS record type from its numeric form passed in type.

The ares_dns_class_tostr function outputs a human readable DNS class from its numeric form passed in qclass.

The ares_dns_opcode_tostr function outputs a human readable DNS opcode from its numeric form in opcode.

The ares_dns_rr_key_tostr function outputs a human readable DNS Resource Record parameter name from its numeric form in key.

The ares_dns_section_tostr function outputs a human readable DNS message section from its numeric form in section.

The ares_dns_rcode_tostr function outputs a human readable DNS response code from its numeric form in rcode.

The ares_dns_class_fromstr function outputs the DNS class in numeric from from its string representation in str. The result is stored into the variable pointed to by qclass.

The ares_dns_rec_type_fromstr function outputs the DNS record type in numeric from from its string representation in str. The result is stored into the variable pointed to by qtype.

The ares_dns_rr_get_keys function retrieves a list of parameters that may be set or retrieved for the provided type. The count of returned keys is stored into the variable pointed to by cnt.

The ares_dns_rr_key_datatype function retrieves the associated datatype for an RR parameter specified by key.

The ares_dns_rr_key_to_rec_type function dereferences the provided RR parameter specified by key to the DNS Record Type it belongs.

The ares_dns_opt_get_datatype function is used in association with ares_dns_rr_set_opt and ares_dns_rr_get_opt to retrieve the datatype of an option record contained within an RR as specified in key if it is known. The raw option record identifier is provided by opt.

The ares_dns_opt_get_name function is used in association with ares_dns_rr_set_opt and ares_dns_rr_get_opt to retrieve human readable parameter name of an option record contained within an RR as specified in key if it is known. The raw option record identifier is provided by opt.

Return values

ares_dns_rec_type_tostr, ares_dns_class_tostr, ares_dns_opcode_tostr, ares_dns_rr_key_tostr, ares_dns_section_tostr, ares_dns_rcode_tostr, and ares_dns_opt_get_name all return a human printable ASCII string, or NULL on error.

ares_dns_class_fromstr and ares_dns_rec_type_fromstr return ARES_TRUE on successful conversion, otherwise ARES_FALSE.

ares_dns_rr_get_keys returns an array of keys or NULL on failure.

ares_dns_rr_key_datatype, ares_dns_rr_key_to_rec_type, and ares_dns_opt_get_datatype return their respective integer values, or 0 on failure.

Availability

These functions were first introduced in c-ares version 1.22.0.

See also

ares_dns_record(3), ares_dns_rr(3), ares_init(3)

Author

Copyright (C) 2023 The c-ares project and its members.

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