ares_tlsa_match_t

Name

ares_dns_record_rr_add, ares_dns_record_rr_cnt, ares_dns_record_rr_del, ares_dns_record_rr_get, ares_dns_rr_get_addr, ares_dns_rr_get_addr6, ares_dns_rr_get_bin, ares_dns_rr_get_class, ares_dns_rr_get_name, ares_dns_rr_get_opt, ares_dns_rr_get_opt_byid, ares_dns_rr_get_opt_cnt, ares_dns_rr_get_str, ares_dns_rr_get_ttl, ares_dns_rr_get_type, ares_dns_rr_get_u16, ares_dns_rr_get_u32, ares_dns_rr_get_u8, ares_dns_rr_key_t, ares_dns_rr_set_addr, ares_dns_rr_set_addr6, ares_dns_rr_set_bin, ares_dns_rr_set_opt, ares_dns_rr_set_str, ares_dns_rr_set_u16, ares_dns_rr_set_u32, ares_dns_rr_set_u8, ares_dns_section_t, ares_tlsa_match_t, ares_tlsa_selector_t, ares_tlsa_usage_t - DNS Resource Record creating, reading, and writing functions.

Synopsis

#include <ares.h>
 
size_t ares_dns_record_rr_cnt(const ares_dns_record_t *dnsrec,
                              ares_dns_section_t       sect);
 
ares_status_t ares_dns_record_rr_add(ares_dns_rr_t     **rr_out,
                                     ares_dns_record_t  *dnsrec,
                                     ares_dns_section_t  sect,
                                     const char         *name,
                                     ares_dns_rec_type_t type,
                                     ares_dns_class_t    rclass,
                                     unsigned int        ttl);
 
ares_dns_rr_t *ares_dns_record_rr_get(ares_dns_record_t *dnsrec,
                                      ares_dns_section_t sect,
                                      size_t             idx);
 
ares_status_t ares_dns_record_rr_del(ares_dns_record_t *dnsrec,
                                     ares_dns_section_t sect,
                                     size_t             idx);
 
const char *ares_dns_rr_get_name(const ares_dns_rr_t *rr);
 
ares_dns_rec_type_t ares_dns_rr_get_type(const ares_dns_rr_t *rr);
 
ares_dns_class_t ares_dns_rr_get_class(const ares_dns_rr_t *rr);
 
unsigned int ares_dns_rr_get_ttl(const ares_dns_rr_t *rr);
 
ares_status_t ares_dns_rr_set_addr(ares_dns_rr_t        *dns_rr,
                                   ares_dns_rr_key_t     key,
                                   const struct in_addr *addr);
 
ares_status_t ares_dns_rr_set_addr6(ares_dns_rr_t              *dns_rr,
                                    ares_dns_rr_key_t           key,
                                    const struct ares_in6_addr *addr);
 
ares_status_t ares_dns_rr_set_str(ares_dns_rr_t    *dns_rr,
                                  ares_dns_rr_key_t key,
                                  const char       *val);
 
ares_status_t ares_dns_rr_set_u8(ares_dns_rr_t    *dns_rr,
                                 ares_dns_rr_key_t key,
                                 unsigned char     val);
 
ares_status_t ares_dns_rr_set_u16(ares_dns_rr_t    *dns_rr,
                                  ares_dns_rr_key_t key,
                                  unsigned short    val);
 
ares_status_t ares_dns_rr_set_u32(ares_dns_rr_t    *dns_rr,
                                  ares_dns_rr_key_t key,
                                  unsigned int      val);
 
ares_status_t ares_dns_rr_set_bin(ares_dns_rr_t       *dns_rr,
                                  ares_dns_rr_key_t    key,
                                  const unsigned char *val,
                                  size_t               len);
 
ares_status_t ares_dns_rr_set_opt(ares_dns_rr_t       *dns_rr,
                                  ares_dns_rr_key_t    key,
                                  unsigned short       opt,
                                  const unsigned char *val,
                                  size_t               val_len);
 
const struct in_addr *ares_dns_rr_get_addr(const ares_dns_rr_t *dns_rr,
                                           ares_dns_rr_key_t key);
 
const struct ares_in6_addr *ares_dns_rr_get_addr6(const ares_dns_rr_t *dns_rr,
                                                  ares_dns_rr_key_t key);
 
const char *ares_dns_rr_get_str(const ares_dns_rr_t *dns_rr,
                                ares_dns_rr_key_t    key);
 
unsigned char ares_dns_rr_get_u8(const ares_dns_rr_t *dns_rr,
                                 ares_dns_rr_key_t    key);
 
unsigned short ares_dns_rr_get_u16(const ares_dns_rr_t *dns_rr,
                                   ares_dns_rr_key_t    key);
 
unsigned int ares_dns_rr_get_u32(const ares_dns_rr_t *dns_rr,
                                 ares_dns_rr_key_t    key);
 
const unsigned char *ares_dns_rr_get_bin(const ares_dns_rr_t *dns_rr,
                                         ares_dns_rr_key_t key,
                                         size_t *len);
 
size_t ares_dns_rr_get_opt_cnt(const ares_dns_rr_t *dns_rr,
                               ares_dns_rr_key_t    key);
 
unsigned short ares_dns_rr_get_opt(const ares_dns_rr_t  *dns_rr,
                                   ares_dns_rr_key_t     key,
                                   size_t                idx,
                                   const unsigned char **val,
                                   size_t               *val_len);
 
ares_bool_t ares_dns_rr_get_opt_byid(const ares_dns_rr_t  *dns_rr,
                                     ares_dns_rr_key_t     key,
                                     unsigned short        opt,
                                     const unsigned char **val,
                                     size_t *val_len);
 

Enumerations

ares_dns_section_t - DNS RR section types:

ARES_SECTION_ANSWER - Answer section
ARES_SECTION_AUTHORITY - Authority section
ARES_SECTION_ADDITIONAL - Additional Information section

ares_dns_rr_key_t - Keys used for handling RR record parameters:

ARES_RR_A_ADDR - A Record. Address. Datatype: ARES_DATATYPE_INADDR
ARES_RR_NS_NSDNAME - NS Record. Name. Datatype: ARES_DATATYPE_NAME
ARES_RR_CNAME_CNAME - CNAME Record. CName. Datatype: ARES_DATATYPE_NAME
ARES_RR_SOA_MNAME - SOA Record. MNAME, Primary Source of Data. Datatype: ARES_DATATYPE_NAME
ARES_RR_SOA_RNAME - SOA Record. RNAME, Mailbox of person responsible. Datatype: ARES_DATATYPE_NAME
ARES_RR_SOA_SERIAL - SOA Record. Serial, version. Datatype: ARES_DATATYPE_U32
ARES_RR_SOA_REFRESH - SOA Record. Refresh, zone refersh interval. Datatype: ARES_DATATYPE_U32
ARES_RR_SOA_RETRY - SOA Record. Retry, failed refresh retry interval. Datatype: ARES_DATATYPE_U32
ARES_RR_SOA_EXPIRE - SOA Record. Expire, upper limit on authority. Datatype: ARES_DATATYPE_U32
ARES_RR_SOA_MINIMUM - SOA Record. Minimum, RR TTL. Datatype: ARES_DATATYPE_U32
ARES_RR_PTR_DNAME - PTR Record. DNAME, pointer domain. Datatype: ARES_DATATYPE_NAME
ARES_RR_HINFO_CPU - HINFO Record. CPU. Datatype: ARES_DATATYPE_STR
ARES_RR_HINFO_OS - HINFO Record. OS. Datatype: ARES_DATATYPE_STR
ARES_RR_MX_PREFERENCE - MX Record. Preference. Datatype: ARES_DATATYPE_U16
ARES_RR_MX_EXCHANGE - MX Record. Exchange, domain. Datatype: ARES_DATATYPE_NAME
ARES_RR_TXT_DATA - TXT Record. Data. Datatype: ARES_DATATYPE_BINP
ARES_RR_AAAA_ADDR - AAAA Record. Address. Datatype: ARES_DATATYPE_INADDR6
ARES_RR_SRV_PRIORITY - SRV Record. Priority. Datatype: ARES_DATATYPE_U16
ARES_RR_SRV_WEIGHT - SRV Record. Weight. Datatype: ARES_DATATYPE_U16
ARES_RR_SRV_PORT - SRV Record. Port. Datatype: ARES_DATATYPE_U16
ARES_RR_SRV_TARGET - SRV Record. Target domain. Datatype: ARES_DATATYPE_NAME
ARES_RR_NAPTR_ORDER - NAPTR Record. Order. Datatype: ARES_DATATYPE_U16
ARES_RR_NAPTR_PREFERENCE - NAPTR Record. Preference. Datatype: ARES_DATATYPE_U16
ARES_RR_NAPTR_FLAGS - NAPTR Record. Flags. Datatype: ARES_DATATYPE_STR
ARES_RR_NAPTR_SERVICES - NAPTR Record. Services. Datatype: ARES_DATATYPE_STR
ARES_RR_NAPTR_REGEXP - NAPTR Record. Regexp. Datatype: ARES_DATATYPE_STR
ARES_RR_NAPTR_REPLACEMENT - NAPTR Record. Replacement. Datatype: ARES_DATATYPE_NAME
ARES_RR_OPT_UDP_SIZE - OPT Record. UDP Size. Datatype: ARES_DATATYPE_U16
ARES_RR_OPT_VERSION - OPT Record. Version. Datatype: ARES_DATATYPE_U8
ARES_RR_OPT_FLAGS - OPT Record. Flags. Datatype: ARES_DATATYPE_U16
ARES_RR_OPT_OPTIONS - OPT Record. Options. See ares_opt_param_t. Datatype: ARES_DATATYPE_OPT
ARES_RR_TLSA_CERT_USAGE - TLSA Record. Certificate Usage. See ares_tlsa_usage_t. Datatype: ARES_DATATYPE_U8
ARES_RR_TLSA_SELECTOR - TLSA Record. Selector. See ares_tlsa_selector_t. Datatype: ARES_DATATYPE_U8
ARES_RR_TLSA_MATCH - TLSA Record. Matching Type. See ares_tlsa_match_t. Datatype: ARES_DATATYPE_U8
ARES_RR_TLSA_DATA - TLSA Record. Certificate Association Data. Datatype: ARES_DATATYPE_BIN
ARES_RR_SVCB_PRIORITY - SVCB Record. SvcPriority. Datatype: ARES_DATATYPE_U16
ARES_RR_SVCB_TARGET - SVCB Record. TargetName. Datatype: ARES_DATATYPE_NAME
ARES_RR_SVCB_PARAMS - SVCB Record. SvcParams. See ares_svcb_param_t. Datatype: ARES_DATATYPE_OPT
ARES_RR_HTTPS_PRIORITY - HTTPS Record. SvcPriority. Datatype: ARES_DATATYPE_U16
ARES_RR_HTTPS_TARGET - HTTPS Record. TargetName. Datatype: ARES_DATATYPE_NAME
ARES_RR_HTTPS_PARAMS - HTTPS Record. SvcParams. See ares_svcb_param_t. Datatype: ARES_DATATYPE_OPT
ARES_RR_URI_PRIORITY - URI Record. Priority. Datatype: ARES_DATATYPE_U16
ARES_RR_URI_WEIGHT - URI Record. Weight. Datatype: ARES_DATATYPE_U16
ARES_RR_URI_TARGET - URI Record. Target domain. Datatype: ARES_DATATYPE_NAME
ARES_RR_CAA_CRITICAL - CAA Record. Critical flag. Datatype: ARES_DATATYPE_U8
ARES_RR_CAA_TAG - CAA Record. Tag/Property. Datatype: ARES_DATATYPE_STR
ARES_RR_CAA_VALUE - CAA Record. Value. Datatype: ARES_DATATYPE_BINP
ARES_RR_RAW_RR_TYPE - RAW Record. RR Type. Datatype: ARES_DATATYPE_U16
ARES_RR_RAW_RR_DATA - RAW Record. RR Data. Datatype: ARES_DATATYPE_BIN

ares_tlsa_usage_t - TLSA Record ARES_RR_TLSA_CERT_USAGE known values

ARES_TLSA_USAGE_CA - Certificate Usage 0. CA Constraint
ARES_TLSA_USAGE_SERVICE - Certificate Usage 1. Service Certificate Constraint
ARES_TLSA_USAGE_TRUSTANCHOR - Certificate Usage 2. Trust Anchor Assertion
ARES_TLSA_USAGE_DOMAIN - Certificate Usage 3. Domain-issued certificate

ares_tlsa_selector_t - TLSA Record ARES_RR_TLSA_SELECTOR known values:

ARES_TLSA_SELECTOR_FULL - Full Certificate
ARES_TLSA_SELECTOR_SUBJPUBKEYINFO - DER-encoded SubjectPublicKeyInfo

ares_tlsa_match_t - TLSA Record ARES_RR_TLSA_MATCH known values:

ARES_TLSA_MATCH_EXACT - Exact match
ARES_TLSA_MATCH_SHA256 - Sha256 match
ARES_TLSA_MATCH_SHA512 - Sha512 match

Description

The ares_dns_record_rr_cnt function returns the number of resource records in the DNS record provided by the dnsrec parameter for the section provided in the sect parameter.

The ares_dns_record_rr_add function adds a new resource record entry the the DNS record provided by the dnsrec parameter. The resulting resource record is stored into the variable pointed to by rr_out. The DNS section the resource record belongs to is specified by the sect parameter. The domain name associated with the resource record is specified by the name parameter, which can not be NULL but may be an empty string, or ".". The resource record type is specified in the type parameter, along with the DNS record class in the rclass parameter, and the Time To Live (TTL) in the ttl parameter.

The ares_dns_record_rr_get function is used to retrieve the resource record pointer from the DNS record provided in the dnsrec parameter, for the resource record section provided in the sect parameter, for the specified index in the idx parameter. The index must be less than ares_dns_record_rr_cnt.

The ares_dns_record_rr_del is used to delete a resource record from the DNS record specified in the dnsrec parameter. Its primary use is to remove a ARES_REC_TYPE_OPT record when needing to retry a query without EDNS support. The DNS RR section is specified via the sect parameter, and the index to remove is specified in the idx parameter. The index must be less than ares_dns_record_rr_cnt.

The ares_dns_rr_get_name function is used to retrieve the resource record domain name from the Resource Record pointer provided in the rr parameter.

The ares_dns_rr_get_type function is used to retrieve the resource record type from the Resource Record pointer provided in the rr parameter.

The ares_dns_rr_get_class function is used to retrieve the resource record class from the Resource Record pointer provided in the rr parameter.

The ares_dns_rr_get_ttl function is used to retrieve the resource record class Time to Live (TTL) from the Resource Record pointer provided in the rr parameter.

The ares_dns_rr_set_addr function is used to set an IPv4 address for the associated resource record key/parameter when the datatype is ARES_DATATYPE_INADDR. The resource record to be modified is provided in the dns_rr parameter, the key/parameter is provided in the key parameter, and the value is provided in the addr parameter.

The ares_dns_rr_set_addr6 function is used to set an IPv6 address for the associated resource record key/parameter when the datatype is ARES_DATATYPE_INADDR6. The resource record to be modified is provided in the dns_rr parameter, the key/parameter is provided in the key parameter, and the value is provided in the addr parameter.

The ares_dns_rr_set_str function is used to set a string for the associated resource record key/parameter when the datatype is ARES_DATATYPE_STR or ARES_DATATYPE_NAME. Most strings are limited to 255 bytes, however some records, such as a TXT record may allow longer as they are output as multiple strings. The resource record to be modified is provided in the dns_rr parameter, the key/parameter is provided in the key parameter, and the value is provided in the val parameter.

The ares_dns_rr_set_u8 function is used to set an 8bit unsigned value for the associated resource record key/parameter when the datatype is ARES_DATATYPE_U8. The resource record to be modified is provided in the dns_rr parameter, the key/parameter is provided in the key parameter, and the value is provided in the val parameter.

The ares_dns_rr_set_u16 function is used to set an 16bit unsigned value for the associated resource record key/parameter when the datatype is ARES_DATATYPE_U16. The resource record to be modified is provided in the dns_rr parameter, the key/parameter is provided in the key parameter, and the value is provided in the val parameter.

The ares_dns_rr_set_u32 function is used to set an 32bit unsigned value for the associated resource record key/parameter when the datatype is ARES_DATATYPE_U32. The resource record to be modified is provided in the dns_rr parameter, the key/parameter is provided in the key parameter, and the value is provided in the val parameter.

The ares_dns_rr_set_bin function is used to set an binary value for the associated resource record key/parameter when the datatype is ARES_DATATYPE_BIN or ARES_DATATYPE_BINP. The resource record to be modified is provided in the dns_rr parameter, the key/parameter is provided in the key parameter, and the value is provided in the val parameter. And the associated value length is provided in the len parameter.

The ares_dns_rr_set_opt function is used to set option/parameter keys and values for the resource record when the datatype if ARES_DATATYPE_OPT. The resource record to be modified is provided in the dns_rr parameter. They key/parameter is provided in the key parameter. The option/parameter value specific to the resource record is provided in the opt parameter, and this is left to the user to determine the appropriate value to use. Some known values may be provided by ares_svcb_param_t and ares_opt_param_t enumerations. The value for the option is always provided in binary form in val with length provided in val_len.

The ares_dns_rr_get_addr function is used to retrieve the IPv4 address from the resource record when the datatype is ARES_DATATYPE_INADDR. The resource record is provided in the dns_rr parameter and the key/parameter to retrieve is provided in the key parameter.

The ares_dns_rr_get_addr6 function is used to retrieve the IPv6 address from the resource record when the datatype is ARES_DATATYPE_INADDR6. The resource record is provided in the dns_rr parameter and the key/parameter to retrieve is provided in the key parameter.

The ares_dns_rr_get_str function is used to retrieve a string from the resource record when the datatype is ARES_DATATYPE_STR or ARES_DATATYPE_NAME. The resource record is provided in the dns_rr parameter and the key/parameter to retrieve is provided in the key parameter.

The ares_dns_rr_get_u8 function is used to retrieve an 8bit integer from the resource record when the datatype is ARES_DATATYPE_U8. The resource record is provided in the dns_rr parameter and the key/parameter to retrieve is provided in the key parameter.

The ares_dns_rr_get_u16 function is used to retrieve a 16bit integer from the resource record when the datatype is ARES_DATATYPE_U16. The resource record is provided in the dns_rr parameter and the key/parameter to retrieve is provided in the key parameter.

The ares_dns_rr_get_u32 function is used to retrieve a 32bit integer from the resource record when the datatype is ARES_DATATYPE_U32. The resource record is provided in the dns_rr parameter and the key/parameter to retrieve is provided in the key parameter.

The ares_dns_rr_get_bin function is used to retrieve binary data from the resource record when the datatype is ARES_DATATYPE_BIN or ARES_DATATYPE_BINP. The resource record is provided in the dns_rr parameter and the key/parameter to retrieve is provided in the key parameter, and length is stored into the variable pointed to by len.

The ares_dns_rr_get_opt_cnt function is used to retrieve the count of options/parameters associated with the resource record when the datatype is ARES_DATATYPE_OPT. The resource record is provided in the dns_rr parameter and the key/parameter to retrieve is provided in the key.

The ares_dns_rr_get_opt function is used to retrieve binary option data from the resource record when the datatype is ARES_DATATYPE_OPT for the specified index. The resource record is provided in the dns_rr parameter and the key/parameter to retrieve is provided in the key parameter, the index to retrieve the option data from is provided in the idx parameter. The value is stored into the variable pointed to by val and length is stored into the variable pointed to by val_len.

The ares_dns_rr_get_opt_byid function is used to retrieve binary option data from the resource record when the datatype is ARES_DATATYPE_OPT for the specified option identifier, if it exists. The resource record is provided in the dns_rr parameter and the key/parameter to retrieve is provided in the key parameter, the identifier to retrieve the option data from is provided in the opt parameter. The value is stored into the variable pointed to by val and length is stored into the variable pointed to by val_len.

Return values

ares_dns_record_rr_cnt and ares_dns_rr_get_opt_cnt return the respective counts.

ares_dns_record_rr_add, ares_dns_record_rr_del, ares_dns_rr_set_addr, ares_dns_rr_set_addr6, ares_dns_rr_set_str, ares_dns_rr_set_u8, ares_dns_rr_set_u16, ares_dns_rr_set_u32, ares_dns_rr_set_bin, and ares_dns_rr_set_opt all return an ares_status_t error code. ARES_SUCCESS is returned on success, ARES_ENOMEM is returned on out of memory, ARES_EFORMERR is returned on misuse.

ares_dns_rr_get_name, ares_dns_rr_get_type, ares_dns_rr_get_class, ares_dns_rr_get_ttl, ares_dns_rr_get_addr, ares_dns_rr_get_addr6, ares_dns_rr_get_str, ares_dns_rr_get_u8, ares_dns_rr_get_u16, ares_dns_rr_get_u32, ares_dns_rr_get_bin, ares_dns_rr_get_opt all return their prescribed datatype values and in general can't fail except for misuse cases, in which a 0 (or NULL) may be returned, however 0 can also be a valid return value for most of these functions.

ares_dns_record_rr_get will return the requested resource record pointer or NULL on failure (misuse).

ares_dns_rr_get_opt_byid will return ARES_TRUE if the option was found, otherwise ARES_FALSE if not found (or misuse).

Availability

These functions were first introduced in c-ares version 1.22.0.

See also

ares_dns_mapping(3), ares_dns_record(3), ares_free_string(3)

Author

Copyright (C) 2023 The c-ares project and its members.

This HTML page was made with roffit.