ares_parse_caa_reply - Parse a reply to a DNS query of type CAA


#include <ares.h>
int ares_parse_caa_reply(const unsigned char* abuf, int alen,
                         struct ares_caa_reply **caa_out);


The ares_parse_caa_reply function parses the response to a query of type CAA into a linked list (one element per sub-string) of struct ares_caa_reply The parameters abuf and alen give the contents of the response. The result is stored in allocated memory and a pointer to it stored into the variable pointed to by caa_out. It is the caller's responsibility to free the resulting caa_out structure when it is no longer needed using the function ares_free_data

The structure ares_caa_reply(3) contains the following fields:

struct ares_caa_reply {
  struct ares_caa_reply *next;
  int                    critical;
  unsigned char         *property;
  size_t                 plength; /* plength excludes null */
  unsigned char         *value;
  size_t                 length;  /* length excludes null */

Return values

ares_parse_caa_reply can return any of the following values:

ARES_SUCCESS The response was successfully parsed.

ARES_EBADRESP The response was malformatted.

ARES_ENODATA The response did not contain an answer to the query.

ARES_ENOMEM Memory was exhausted.


#include <arpa/inet.h>
#include <time.h>
#include <sys/time.h>
#include <netdb.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include "ares.h"
static void dns_callback(void *arg,
                         int status,
                         int timeouts,
                         unsigned char *abuf,
                         int alen)
    struct ares_caa_reply *caa_out;
    int err;
    err = ares_parse_caa_reply (abuf, alen, &caa_out);
    if (err == ARES_SUCCESS)
        struct ares_caa_reply *caa_curr;
        for (caa_curr=caa_out; caa_curr; caa_curr=caa_curr->next)
          printf ("%s. CAA %i %s \"%s\"\n", arg,
        printf ("err=%i\n", err);
    ares_free_data (caa_out);
static void main_loop(ares_channel_t **channel)
    int nfds, count;
    fd_set readers, writers;
    struct timeval tv, *tvp;
    while (1)
        FD_ZERO (&readers);
        FD_ZERO (&writers);
        nfds = ares_fds (*channel, &readers, &writers);
        if (nfds == 0)
        tvp = ares_timeout (*channel, NULL, &tv);
        count = select (nfds, &readers, &writers, NULL, tvp);
        ares_process (*channel, &readers, &writers);
int main(int argc, char **argv)
    const char *sversion;
    int iversion;
    int err;
    sversion = ares_version (&iversion);
    printf ("c-ares version %s\n", sversion);
    char *domain = "";
    if (argc > 1)
      domain = argv[1];
    ares_channel_t *channel;
    if ((err = ares_init (&channel)) != ARES_SUCCESS)
        printf ("ares_init() failed (%i)\n", err);
        exit (EXIT_FAILURE);
    ares_query (channel, domain,
                1,   /* ns_c_in */
                257, /* T_CAA */
                dns_callback, domain);
    main_loop (&channel);
    ares_destroy (channel);
    exit (EXIT_SUCCESS);


This function was first introduced in c-ares version 1.17.0.

See also

ares_query(3) ares_free_data(3)

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